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Does Personality Predict Responses to the COVID-19 Crisis? Evidence from A Prospective Large-Scale Study

GESIS – Leibniz-Institut für Sozialwissenschaften

The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly disrupted people’s daily routines and infused their lives with considerable insecurity and uncertainty. However, individuals’ responses to the pandemic vary widely. The present study investigates the role of personality traits for key aspects of people's responses to the COVID-19 crisis.

  • Netzwerk: RatSWD
  • Disziplin: Sozial, Psychologie
  • Forschungsmethode: Quantitativ
  • Forschungsdesign: Repräsentativ angelegte Befragung, Sekundäranalyse
  • Erhebungsstatus: Ergebnisse veröffentlicht, Erhebung abgeschlossen, Daten zugänglich

Ziele der Studie

The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly disrupted people’s daily routines and infused their lives with considerable insecurity and uncertainty. However, individuals’ responses to the pandemic vary widely. To what degree do individuals differ in their perceptions of – and reactions to – this highly challenging situation? Who follows the recommendations and instructions closely, and who is somewhat more reluctant to do so? The present study investigates the role of personality traits for key aspects of people’s responses to the COVID-19 crisis.

Studiendesign/Umsetzung

The scientists used data from the GESIS Panel, a probability-based mixed-mode access panel fielded every second month. The GESIS Panel comprises about 5,000 active panelists aged 20+ with a mean age of 54 years (SD = 14.5). Each wave of the panel is conducted in a mixed-mode design that allows participants to choose between an online or paper-based survey. The “GESIS Panel Special Survey on the Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 Outbreak in Germany” (GESIS Panel Team, 2020) was conducted between March 17 and March 29, 2020. This special survey included a wide range of questions on attitudes and behaviors regarding COVID-19. Because the survey had to be fielded in a timely manner, only the online subsample of GESIS Panel respondents was invited to participate. Due to panel attrition and item nonresponse, the final sample size was N = 2,271.

Datenverfügbarkeit

Die Daten sind unter folgendem Link verfügbar:
https://osf.io/pfu7q/