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Increase of depression among children and adolescents after the onset of the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Bundesinstitut für Bevölkerungsforschung (BiB)

The study disclosed an increase in depression symptomps occured in a pre-pandemic vs. during-pandemic comparsion within the COVID-19 pandemic. Pandemic-related restrictions such as school closures resulted in a considerable effect increase.

  • Disziplin: Sozial, Bildung, Gesundheit, Psychologie
  • Forschungsmethode: Quantitativ
  • Forschungsdesign: Sekundäranalyse, Weitere Daten (z. B. Einzelinterview, Web Scraping, Laborwerte etc.)
  • Erhebungsstatus: Open-Access-Publikation, Erhebung abgeschlossen, Ergebnisse veröffentlicht, Daten zugänglich

Ziele der Studie

The BiB-study aimed to disclose more evidence regarding the high depressions burden among youth during the COVID-19 pandemic, as there is a lack of systematic evidence. Policy impacts on depression have been evaluated as well, using country differences in pandemic-related restrictions and school closures in Europe.



The BiB determined their findings by a systematic review and meta analysis, searching through six databases and using a peer-reviews string up with citation tracking and grey literature searches. Studies included were ones that compared either general depression symptoms or clinically relevant depressions rates in childrend and adolescents before and during the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe. The validated Oxford Stringency Index served as an indicator for pandemic-related restrictions. All data were pooled in a random-effects model.